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Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Determining Arriving Alien Status

How to determine if your client is an arriving alien -- or not!

First test: Was she stopped at the border?
Yes: Continue
No: Was she stopped with ~25 miles of the border within 10 days of when she arrived?
Yes: Continue
No: Arguably not arriving alien.

Second test: Is she a US citizen?
Yes: Interesting. If they are moving to revoke citizenship (i.e. not by birth), then you have a pickle. Arguably, not an arriving alien, as only a judge could revoke citizenship and a citizen cannot be an arriving alien. So most likely – not an arriving alien.
No: Continue

Third test: Was she granted conditional parole?
Yes: This is very narrow exception. Humanitarian or CBP approved “signed at the border” parole only. In this instance, she would not have been given a return date, and she would not have been placed in removal proceedings. A deferred inspection is not a parole for this purpose.
No: Continue

Fourth test: LPR?
Yes: Is there a petty exception that the CBP officer will accept? If so, get this kicked at the deferred inspection. If not, she is an arriving alien.
No: Arriving alien

If she is an arriving alien, hope her case get’s randomly transferred to York, PA. In York, the judges oftem grant bond even for arriving aliens (must have a legal place to go in the US, and someone willing to vouch for the alien). Otherwise, you are looking at no-bond initially.

How do I get bond for an arriving alien?
  1. York
  2. If there has been a credible fear determination (either through Court or through CBP), then you can ask ICE to grant a bond. ICE always has the right to grant bond. Talk to the DO (Deportation Officer – fella who is responsible for your client’s case on the ICE side) and request a bond. This usually only works on successful credible fear. If you have a pending asylum application and work permit, you should be able to get this unless your DO is being particularly ornery.

Hanover Law, PC
Offices in Fairfax, VA and Washington, DC
2751 Prosperity Ave, Ste 150
Fairfax, VA 22031
Sean R. Hanover, Esq.
Stephen Salwierak, Esq.
Lili O'connell, Esq.
Charles Hatley, Esq.

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